The church of St Lawrence from 1779-1781 (with the interior
Renaissance tomb of the Siemienski family, ca 1580); the country mansion
with a steward's house and a landscape park from the first half of the
19th century. The history of the spa is shown in the Dr J. Bielecki
Rymanow is one of the oldest Jewish centres in the Podkarpacie
region. Settlement here was closely linked to the lucrative business of
importing wine from Hungary. Local Jews became so involved in their work
that in 1594 the Diet of the Four Lands warned them not to drink to
excess, or otherwise they would be banned from trading. They must have
been effective traders as they were an economic threat to nearby Krosno.
This neighbouring town dealt with the competition in a rather original
way. In 1700 the councillors of Krosno passed the following resolution:
"It is not apunishable offence to rob or kill a Jew from Rymanow".
The view of Rymanow, photo
Rymanow achieved fame as alarge centre of Chasidism, chosen as
headquarters first by the tzaddik Menachem Mendel (d. 1815), disciple of
the great Elimelech of Lezajsk, and then by Cwi Hirsz Kohen (d. 1846).
Izydor Izaak Rabi (1898-1988) was born in Rymanow and received
the Nobel Prize in physics (1944) for achievements in the field of
research into the magnetic properties of atoms. He spent only one year
in the place of his birth as in 1899 his parents emigrated to New York.
He was one of the creators of the atom bomb, collaborating with Bohr,
Pauli, Stern and Heisenberg. Although his whole life was associated with
America and Columbia University in New York, he never forgot his roots
and visited Rymanów in 1971.
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Accounts vary as to when this historic monument was bulit. Some
sources say it was at the turn of the 17th century, others mention the
turn of the 18th century. This structure, built in fluvial stone and now
roofless, has lain in ruin since the Second World War. Brick pillars in
the middle indicate where the bimah once was. One can also see the
recess for the aron ha-kodesh (with traces of inscriptions in Hebrew) as
well as damaged wall-paintings less than ahundred years old, depicting
animals, including an eagle and aleopard. There is arather curious
representation of the Palace of David. As Andrzej Potocki suggests in
Podkarpackie Judaica (Judaica in the Podkarpacie Region): "The artist
most probably took the picture from apostcard. He thought that he was
painting the Palace of David, whereas in fact it was the Carmelite
convent in Jerusalem".
The most eye-catching element is the tower which
may once have been used as aprison. The Jewish quarter was spread out
around the synagogue. Here one could find the palace of rabbis, the
cheder, therefuge, thehospital and themikvah situated by the river.
Everything was destroyed by the Nazis.
The synagogue, photo
From the main square take ul. Kilinskiego. You will see the
synagogue about 100 metres down on the left hand side, just behind the
marketplace. The synagogue is in such astate of disrepair that visitors
are not allowed inside.
The Jewish Cemetery
Another of Rymanów's attractions is the cemetery (still referred to
here in Old Polish as "the place where the hay is raked up") containing
oholot raised in the late 1980s, belonging to its two most pious sons,
Menachem Mendel and Cwi Hirsz Kohen. Numerous kvitlech bear testimony to
the fact that these graves are adestination for pilgrims. The cemetery
is also the resting-place of tzaddik Joseph Ha-Kohen (d. 1913), son of
Cwi Hirsz. Here one can also find the graves of two of the rabbis of
Rymanow: Hiroch Kohen (d. 1844) and Jozef Friedmann. The remains of
Hirsz Horowitz, the last rabbi of Rymanow, were exhumed around the year
1960 and taken to Israel. The grave of Austrian soldiers of Mosaic faith
who fell during the First World War is also worth a look.
On the hill from the Posada Gorna side, about 200 metres from the
Catholic cemetery. At the end of the Jewish cemetery turn left towards
the clearly visible telegraph pole. Just behind it you will see two