INFORMATION SERVICE

SHOAH

Former Nazi Camps

In Poland, there are many former sites where Nazi Germans killed civilians. Of these, the former sites of concentration and death camps are in a category of their own.

Within the territory of postwar Poland, the largest German camps were Auschwitz, Treblinka, Belzec, Gross-Rosen, Stuthoff, Sobibor and Chelmno. Each of them also had a number of sub-camps and satellite camps. Jews, Poles, Russians, as well as members of several other nationalities all perished there. Each of the main groups had its own particular characteristics, its own tragic history, heroic days and shameful history. In each of them, hundreds of thousands of people-children, women, old people, rabbis, priests, students, pupils and the disabled-all met their deaths.




Death, planned as the aim of the Jewish and Roma transports, was also the fate of hundreds of thousands of concentration camp prisoners, the intelligentsia, members of the resistance, those who hid Jews or people who were arrested in random street roundups.

After the war, these sites were protected by law. The most important of these are remembered and visited each year by hundreds of thousands of people from all over the world. In some, museums have been opened, but unlike other Holocaust museums, these places are above all enormous cemeteries-witness to the fate that people inflicted on other people.
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Treblinka:

Concentration Camps and Death Camps: Typological Differences
Former Nazi Camps
 - Auschwitz
 - Belzec
 - Gross Rosen
 - Majdanek
 - Stutthof
 - Treblinka
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