[Yiddish: Lizansk, Lezansk] - A town in the Podkarpackie Voivodship that was granted its town charter in the late fourteenth century. Jews are first noted in historical records in 1521. In the tax list of 1538, seven Jewish families are named; in 1563, there were twenty. It is known from historical sources that a Jewish street and synagogue existed in the early seventeenth century. The Jews of Lezajsk were engaged in crafts, trade and money-lending activities. Sources from the mid-seventeenth century mention artisans from 51 different professions, including butchers, carpenters, and even doctors. In 1635, King Wladyslaw IV gave them the right to brew and sell beer and mead. In addition to local trade, they also sold cattle, hides and fish at markets and fairs that were farther afield. They collected customs duties and tolls. According to the census of 1765, there were 909 Jews living in Leżajsk and the nearby villages. In the late eighteenth century, one of the founders and propagators of Chasidism, Rabbi Elimelech, settled here; the city became one of the movement's main centers.
In 1800, there were approximately 2,000 Jews living in Lezajsk (38% of its total residents). After 1815, the town fell within in the Kingdom of Poland. During the entire nineteenth and twentieth centuries, it was quite provincial; the large brewery was the most important element of its economy. In 1921, the Jewish population was just above 1,500 (31% of the town's population); in 1939, this number was about 3,000. After the German army entered, in October 1939, some of the Jewish population was deported to the Soviet zone of occupation. Those who remained were crowded into the ghetto, and then killed in death camps in 1942. Of those deported to the Soviet Union, several hundred Jews survived. The unusual gravestone of Rabbi Elimelech, dating back to 1776, is the only historic example of Jewish sacral art that has survived; it is still an object of Chasidic pilgrimage. The Germans destroyed the Jewish cemetery at its original location, as well as the wooden synagogue, and used the matsevot (headstones) to pave streets. H.W.

REKLAMA: kosmetyka Opole Salon urody Opole mezoterapia Opole kosmetyki do mezoterapii preparaty do mezoterapii | Chcesz przedłużyć rzęsy, zobacz przedłużanie rzęs opole a może gładka wydepilowana skóra na nogach, depilacja laserem diodowym opole. Cierpisz na brak włosów, przerzedzone włosy na głowie. Skorzystaj ze sposobu na włosy: mikropigmentacja skóry głowy Odwiedźmiejsce, w którym znajdziesz rozwiązanie na problemy skóry głowy i włosów. Klinika Włosa - to miejsce, gdzie twoje włosy odżyją. Odpoczynek na kajakach w okolicach Opola, proponujemy spływy kajakowe, zobacz: spływy kajakowe opolskie | spływy kajakowe Mała Panew | kajaki Mała Panew Wybierz się na spływ kajakowy razem z rodziną.














Adam Mickiewicz Institute, Mokotowska 25, 00-560 Warsaw tel. (48-22) 44 76 100,
fax. (48-22) 44 76 152;