INFORMATION SERVICE

DICTIONARY

Jewish calendar

A system of reckoning time based on the lunar and solar cycles. The year is comprised of twelve months, beginning with the new moon, having either 29 or 30 days, having a total of 354 days. The names of the months are nisan (March/April), iyar (April/May), sivan (May/June), tamuz (June/July), av (July/August), elul (August/September), tishri (September/October), (mar)kheshvan (October/November), kislev (November/December), tevet (December/January), shvat (January/February), and adar (February/March).


The names of the months have their origins in Babylonian tradition. Because the lunar year is shorter than the solar one, every two or three years there is an additional month, adar sheni [Hebrew, "second adar"], thanks to which the months fall during the same time of year. Each year one day is also either added or subtracted from the month of kheshvan (or markheshvan) and kislev, which have 29 or 30 days. The Jewish calendar's full cycle takes nineteen years.

The liturgical year begins in spring, from the month of nisan, during which the holiday of Pesach (Passover) is observed. The new calendar year, however, begins the first day of the month tishri (Rosh Hashanah). The week begins with Sunday [Hebrew, yom alef = "first day"], and ends on Saturday, or the Sabbath. The six days of the week do not have names, but instead have numbers. The day is marked from sundown to sundown, which is why all holidays begin the evening [Hebrew, erev] of the previous day. For example, the Sabbath begins on Friday after sundown, at various times, depending on the time of year. A vestige of this tradition in Christianity is Christmas Eve.
(H.W./CM)

REKLAMA: kosmetyka Opole Salon urody Opole mezoterapia Opole kosmetyki do mezoterapii preparaty do mezoterapii | Chcesz przedłużyć rzęsy, zobacz przedłużanie rzęs opole a może gładka wydepilowana skóra na nogach, depilacja laserem diodowym opole. Cierpisz na brak włosów, przerzedzone włosy na głowie. Skorzystaj ze sposobu na włosy: mikropigmentacja skóry głowy Odwiedźmiejsce, w którym znajdziesz rozwiązanie na problemy skóry głowy i włosów. Klinika Włosa - to miejsce, gdzie twoje włosy odżyją. Odpoczynek na kajakach w okolicach Opola, proponujemy spływy kajakowe, zobacz: spływy kajakowe opolskie | spływy kajakowe Mała Panew | kajaki Mała Panew Wybierz się na spływ kajakowy razem z rodziną.

MAIN PAGE

THE LARGEST JEWISH CEMETERY

EVENTS

TRACES OF THE PAST

ORGANIZATIONS

PEOPLE, BIOGRAPHY

JEWISH LIFE

SHOAH

BOOKS

DICTIONARY

 

 

 

Adam Mickiewicz Institute, Mokotowska 25, 00-560 Warsaw tel. (48-22) 44 76 100,
fax. (48-22) 44 76 152;