The camp, established in 1940, was one of
the earliest. For a long time, it remained only a small camp that served
the nearby quarry. Although it began as a satellite of the
Sachsenhausen camp, Gross Rosen became independent in 1941.
The first transport arrived at Gross-Rosen on August 2, 1940. This
camp was known for its harsh conditions because of work in the quarry.
The camp underwent a major expansion late in the war, in 1944. The
camp was the mother camp for numerous satellites that were located in
Germany and what was the territory of post-war Poland and the Czech
lands. In all, about 125,000 prisoners passed through Gross-Rosen and
its satellites. These included those prisoners who were not registered
who had been brought to the camp to be executed. The most numerous
nationalities represented at the cap were Jews from various countries in
Europe, Poles and Soviet citizens, including prisoners-of-war. It is
estimated that approximately 40,000 people died at Gross-Rosen.
Among the satellite camps was the notorious camp in Walim
(Wüstewaltersdorf), Arbeitslager Riese, which for the most part is still
shrouded in secrecy. Some of this camp, which was part of a factory
complex, was located in underground corridors and bunkers as part of the
largest camp structure of the Third Reich.
From the autumn of 1943 until February 1945, an "educational" labor
camp run by the Wroclaw Gestapo (AEL) was located within the Gross-Rosen
camp, which had held a total of 4,200 prisoners by the end of the war.
The museum was created in 1983 at the initiative of former camp inmates and the families of those who perished there.
The museum is involved in conserving and displaying artifacts,
holding permanent and temporary exhibitions, and publishing activities.
The museum's employees collect testimonies, identification cards,
accounts from the period the camp was operating and run educational
programs for schools and organized groups.
The village of Rogoznica is located west of Wroclaw, seven
kilometers from Strzegom, along the Strzegom-Legnica road (route no.
374). The village has a train station as well as a Polish intercity bus
service (PKS) bus stop. The museum is open from 8 am to 5pm, or 8 am to 8
pm, depending on the season.
The office is open from Monday to Friday from 8am to 3pm.
Muzeum Gross-Rosen in Rogoznica
Rogoznica, Lower Silesian Voivodship
Tel: (+48 74) 85-590-07
Web site: www.gross-rosen.pl
The nearest Jewish Community and active synagogue are located in Wroclaw.