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Chasidim of Nowy Sacz

[Yiddish, Sandzer chasidim] - a Chasidic group founded around the year 1830 by Chaim Halberstam (1793-1876), known as the "Sandzer Rebe", who advocated an ascetic lifestyle. His teachings were laid out in three tracts titled Divrei Chaim [Hebrew, The Words of Chaim; the title may also be translated as The Stories of Life]. In the first, published in 1864, he discussed divorce law and the principles of ritual cleanliness; the second included rabbinical responses (1875); and the third, published a year after the author's death, included holiday and Sabbath sermons.

Chaim's oldest son Aron (1826-1903) succeeded him, and his other sons founded Chasidic centers in many Galician towns. David (1818-1893) began a dynasty in Cieszanow, and Baruch (1829-1906) established one in Gorlice. His most talented son, Ezechiel Shraga (1815-98), was active in Sieniawa, near Lezajsk. His son Moshe (?-1918) became the tzaddik of Nowy Sacz in 1903, after Aron's death. Moshe was followed by: Chaim's son-in-law, Yitzhak Tobias of Glogow Malopolski (?-1927), his son, Jozef Menachem (?-1935), and Aron's son, the last tzaddik of Nowy Sacz, Mordechai Zeev Halberstam of Grybow (?-1942), who was killed by the Nazis in the Tarnow ghetto.

on the internet

Text from Alina Cala, Hanna Wegrzynek and Gabriela Zalewska:
"Historia i kultura Zydow polskich. Slownik",
edited byWSiP
During the interwar period, Halberstam's descendants became the most widespread dynasty of tzaddikim in Western Galicia, continuing the basic teachings of Chaim, which in time became synonymous with traditionalism and backwardness, and were ridiculed by other Chasidic groups. The Chasidic dynasty of Nowy Sacz opposed political engagement among his followers, even in the Agudas Isroel party. The Galician tzaddikim were against secular education for boys, and also forbid the study of the Polish language.
(A.C./CM)

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