Chasidim of Kock (Kotzk)

[Yiddish, Kotzker chasidim] - A Chasidic group founded by Menachem Mendel Morgenshtern (1787-1859), known as the "Kotzker Rebe", a pupil of Yaakov Yitzhak Ha-Levi Horovitz of Lublin and Yaakov Yitzhak of Przysucha.
In 1829, Menachem Mendel settled in Kock and founded a Chasidic center. He backed the November Uprising, urging his supporters to aid the insurgents. In order to avoid persecution, he escaped to the Austrian partition, where he lived for several years under the assumed name Halprin.
In his teachings, he emphasized the importance of spontaneity zealousness in faith. The author of many aphorisms, he said that "people have a soul, not watches", thus justifying the rejection of superficial religiosity dictated by ritual, and not by one's inner need. He taught that "it is not possible to serve God out of habit", and that "God is wherever you let Him in". He placed great importance on striving for perfection in serving God with all one's soul, which is what he saw as the sense of life.
During a Sabbath evening meal in 1840, he extinguished the candles (which was against religious law), and, according to tradition, said, "there is no Judgment and there is no Judge". For the next twenty years, until his death, he lived in isolation, in a closed room adjacent to the synagogue, refusing any contact with people. Some of his supporters, including Rebe Mordechai Josef Leiner, left him, saying he had been possessed by "evil spirits"; most of the Community nevertheless remained with him in the belief that his behavior was a sign of the struggle with the forces of evil.

After his death, his followers chose the founder of the Chasidic dynasty of Gora Kalwaria, Rebe Yitzchak Meir Rothenberg Alter, as their tzaddik. A small group stayed with the son of Menachem Mendel Morgenshtern, David (1809-1893).
He was succeeded by his son, Chaim Israel (1840-1905), who in 1888 moved to Pulawy. He actively supported Jewish settlement in Palestine; he believed the duty of every Chasid is to build religious life in the Holy Land. Another of David's sons, Yitzchak Zelig (1866-1940), was rabbi in Sokolow Podlaski, where he taught in a yeshiva he had founded. In addition to having been trained to be a physician, he was also active in politics, and was a co-founder, and then member, of the Agudas Isroel party. Chaim Israel was succeeded by his son Moses Mordechai (1862-1929), a well-known bibliophile who had a rare book collection, which he moved to Warsaw in 1914.

REKLAMA: kosmetyka Opole Salon urody Opole mezoterapia Opole kosmetyki do mezoterapii preparaty do mezoterapii | Chcesz przedłużyć rzęsy, zobacz przedłużanie rzęs opole a może gładka wydepilowana skóra na nogach, depilacja laserem diodowym opole. Cierpisz na brak włosów, przerzedzone włosy na głowie. Skorzystaj ze sposobu na włosy: mikropigmentacja skóry głowy Odwiedźmiejsce, w którym znajdziesz rozwiązanie na problemy skóry głowy i włosów. Klinika Włosa - to miejsce, gdzie twoje włosy odżyją. Odpoczynek na kajakach w okolicach Opola, proponujemy spływy kajakowe, zobacz: spływy kajakowe opolskie | spływy kajakowe Mała Panew | kajaki Mała Panew Wybierz się na spływ kajakowy razem z rodziną.














Adam Mickiewicz Institute, Mokotowska 25, 00-560 Warsaw tel. (48-22) 44 76 100,
fax. (48-22) 44 76 152;